Title
A review of optimisation models for pedestrian evacuation and design problems A review of optimisation models for pedestrian evacuation and design problems
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Applied Economics
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam ,
Subject
Economics
Source (journal)
Safety science. - Amsterdam, 1991, currens
Volume/pages
87(2016) , p. 167-178
ISSN
0925-7535
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
This article presents a review of the use of optimisation models for pedestrian evacuation and design problems. The articles are classified according to the problem type that is studied, the level of model realism, and the modelling or solution technique. To substantiate the classification criteria and to provide a background for the reader, relevant empirical research and descriptive models (e.g., social-force and cellular automata models) are discussed. We conclude that most of the recent models explicitly include pedestrian dynamics, specifically congestion, but more attention should be given to calibration and implementation of the proposed models. Furthermore, optimisation models could benefit from including some of the modelling techniques used in descriptive models.