Title
Return for development or 'business' as usual? The Ecuadorian experience
Author
Faculty/Department
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Publication type
article
Publication
Abingdon :Routledge ,
Subject
Economics
Source (journal)
Migration and development. - Abingdon, 2012, currens
Volume/pages
(2016) , p. 1-22
ISSN
2163-2324
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Ecuador is a highly interesting context to explore the dynamics between migration and return. Since the election of president Rafael Correa, a new migration policy framework has been established. A lot of attention is paid to returnees and their potential contribution to the nations development. Official assessments of these measures, however, are lacking. This article provides a general insight into the experiences and obstacles with which return entrepreneurs are confronted in this region. Fieldwork was conducted in the Ecuadorian provinces of Azuay and Cañar. The stereotypical idea of migrants coming back with a lot of money, does not seem to correspond with reality. Abroad, these migrants find themselves in a weak socio-economic position and experience difficulties to collect financial, human as well as social capital. The economic activities they engage in upon return, can often be perceived as forms of necessity entrepreneurship. The government measures, such as loans provided by the Banca del Migrante and the service delivery at the Secretaria Nacional del Migrante, are evaluated rather negatively. Hence, we propose a number of policy improvements such as the conditionality of financial support and the provision of technical assistance before and during the initiation of the returnees entrepreneurial activitie
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/1f9870/132725.pdf
Handle