Design concept of the future electric vehicle-society : applications of a multi-functional modular electric vehicle MMEV and its consequences on the present and future road net
Faculty of Design Sciences
Engineering sciences. Technology
Journal of Asian electric vehicles
, p. 869-879
The car of today is a concept of an internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV) that is based upon merely the packaging of the engine that is expanded to the body structure of the vehicle. Applying fine electric vehicle (EV) technology a renewed car transportation is created to solve the problems of today's traffic jams, car accidents and transportation smog. A concept of a 'Modular Multi-functional Electric Vehicle (MMEV) is originated, which is a composed system design of 1, 3, 6 or 8 battery-modules of 600mm in width and 900mm in length. This concept innovates transportation over a time span of 5, 10 or 20 years applying four types of MMEVs: the MMEV-Chair, -Tatami, -Road and -Room. It makes it possible to climb staircases, to double the capacity of today's traffic or to offer space of 2,400mm in width for the weaker road user while keeping today's road capacity the same and to integrate indoor and outdoor use of a vehicle while managing time and making communication with people more easily. In this paper the development process is explained, concept sketches are proposed, models are made and verified and a real first running chassis of an MMEV-Tatami is realized to evaluate its size, floor base and hands-free driving mode.