Balancing inside and outside lobbying : the political strategies of lobbyists at global diplomatic conferencesBalancing inside and outside lobbying : the political strategies of lobbyists at global diplomatic conferences
Faculty of Social Sciences. Political Sciences
Antwerp Centre for Institutions and Multi-Level Politics (ACIM)
European journal of political research. - Amsterdam
(2016), p. 1-21
University of Antwerp
This article seeks to explain the use of inside and outside lobbying by organised interests at global diplomatic conferences. At rst sight, the lobbying at these venues is puzzling as it does not seem to be a very fruitful way to acquire inuence. The use of outside strategies especially is perplexing because most aspects of international negotiations fall outside of the purview of national constituencies. It is argued in this article, however, that the presence of outside lobbying is not so puzzling if lobbying is seen both as a way to attain inuence and as a way to pursue organisational m aintenance goals. Empirically, the article draws on interview data with 232 interest group representatives that participated at either the 2012 session of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference in Geneva, or the 2011 (Durban) and 2012 (Doha) United Nations Climate Conferences. The analysis demonstrates that organisational needs, and especially the competition actors face in obtaining resources, signicantly affects the relative focus of organised interests on inside and outside lobbying.