Title
<tex>$CO_{2}$</tex> conversion in a dielectric barrier discharge plasma : <tex>$N_{2}$</tex> in the mix as a helping hand or problematic impurity? <tex>$CO_{2}$</tex> conversion in a dielectric barrier discharge plasma : <tex>$N_{2}$</tex> in the mix as a helping hand or problematic impurity?
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Physics
Chemistry
Biology
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
Energy & environmental science. - -
Volume/pages
9(2016) :3 , p. 999-1011
ISSN
1754-5692
ISI
000372243600030
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Carbon dioxide conversion and utilization has gained significant interest over the years. A novel gas conversion technique with great potential in this area is plasma technology. A lot of research has already been performed, but mostly on pure gases. In reality, N-2 will always be an important impurity in effluent gases. Therefore, we performed an extensive combined experimental and computational study on the effect of N-2 in the range of 1-98% on CO2 splitting in dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma. The presence of up to 50% N-2 in the mixture barely influences the effective (or overall) CO2 conversion and energy efficiency, because the N-2 metastable molecules enhance the absolute CO2 conversion, and this compensates for the lower CO2 fraction in the mixture. Higher N-2 fractions, however, cause a drop in the CO2 conversion and energy efficiency. Moreover, in the entire CO2/N-2 mixing ratio, several harmful compounds, i.e., N2O and NOx compounds, are produced in the range of several 100 ppm. The reaction pathways for the formation of these compounds are explained based on a kinetic analysis, which allows proposing solutions on how to prevent the formation of these harmful compounds.
E-info
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https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/3893b0/133169.pdf
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/4d1b5a/11204.pdf
Handle