Publication
Title
Surveillance of effects of HPV vaccination in Belgium
Author
Abstract
Background: Early effects of HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccination are reflected by changes observable in young women attending cervical cancer screening. Subject and methods: The SEHIB study included HPV geno-typing of similar to 6000 continuous and 650 pathological cervical cell specimen as well as biopsies, collected from women in Belgium in 2010-2014. Data were linked to vaccination status. Results: HPV vaccination offered protection among women aged <30 years against infection with HPV16 (vaccine effectiveness [VE] = 67%, 95% CI: 48-79%), HPV18 (VE = 93%, 95% CI: 52-99%), and high-risk HPV (VE = 16%, 95% CI: 2-29%). Vaccination protected also against cytological lesions. Vaccination protected against histologically confirmed lesions: significantly lower absolute risks of CIN1+ (risk difference [RD] = -1.6%, 95% CI: -2.6% to -0.7%) and CIN3+ associated with HPV16/18 (RD = -0.3%, 95% CI -0.6% to -0.1%). Vaccine effectiveness decreased with age. Protection against HPV16 and 18 infection was significant in all age groups, however no protection was observed against cytological lesions associated with these types in age-group 25-29. Conclusion: The SEHIB study demonstrates the effectiveness of HPV vaccination in Belgian young women in particular in age group 18-19. Declining effectiveness with increasing age may be explained by higher tendency of women already exposed to infection to get the vaccine. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Cancer epidemiology
Publication
2016
ISSN
1877-7821
Volume/pages
41(2016), p. 152-158
ISI
000373721800021
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.05.2016
Last edited 17.05.2017
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