Title
Dynamic flat field correction in X-ray computed tomographyDynamic flat field correction in X-ray computed tomography
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Research group
Vision lab
Publication type
conferenceObject
Publication
Maastricht :Shaker publishing bv,
Subject
Physics
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
OPTICAL MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES FOR STRUCTURES & SYSTEMS III
Source (book)
6th International Conference on Optical Measurement Techniques for, Structures and Systems III (OPTIMESS2015), APR 08-09, 2015, Univ Antwerp, Univ Antwerp, Antwerp, BELGIUM
Volume/pages
(2016), p. 343-352
ISBN - Hoofdstuk
978-90-423-0439-0
ISI
000373413300035
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
In computed tomography (CT), X-ray projections are acquired from different angles, which are then used to reconstruct a 3D image. Prior to reconstruction, the projections have to be normalised with respect to a white field, which is generally referred to as Flat Field Correction (FFC). The white field is computed from projections acquired without object between the x-ray source and detector. Conventional FFC assumes the flat fields to be stationary. However, due to beam intensity changes, temperature fluctuations or detector efficiency fluctuations, dynamic changes are observed resulting in projections that are not properly FFC corrected. We propose an efficient procedure to model and correct for flat field dynamics. The dynamics of the flat fields are described by eigen flat fields, derived from a series of prior and/or post flat fields using Principal Components Analysis (PCA). A time dependent flat field can then be approximated by a linear combination of the mean flat field and a limited number of eigen flat fields (EFF). The weights of these EEF in a Xray projections are estimated by minimizing the total variation using a non-linear optimization algorithm. Results on synchrotron CT datasets show that the proposed technique results in projections with almost no artefacts due to flat field fluctuations. Furthermore, the reconstructions show reduced flat field induced artefacts.
E-info
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