Eight mutations including 5 novel ones in the COL1A1 gene in Czech patients with osteogenesis imperfectaEight mutations including 5 novel ones in the COL1A1 gene in Czech patients with osteogenesis imperfecta
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Research group
Medical Genetics (MEDGEN)
Medical genetics of obesity and skeletal disorders (MGENOS)
Publication type
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
(2016), p. 1-6
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
University of Antwerp
Background and Aim. Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), also called brittle bone disease, is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by decreased bone density. Autosomal dominant forms result from mutations in either the COL1A1 (collagen type I alpha-1 chain) or COL1A2 (collagen type I alpha-2 chain) genes encoding the type I collagen. The aim of this study was to identify mutations and allelic variants of the COL1A1 gene in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Methods and Results: Molecular genetic analysis of the COL1A1 gene was performed in a cohort of 34 patients with OI. The DNA samples were analysed by PCR and Sanger sequencing. DNA changes in coding sequences of the gene were compared with Type 1 Collagen Mutation Database. Genetic variants resulting in either quantitatively or structurally defective protein production were found in 6 unrelated patients. Four identified mutations are connected to decreased protein production (Tyr47X, Arg131X, Arg415X, Gln1341X), 2 result in amino acid substitution (Cys61Phe, Pro1186Ala) and the last affects splicing (c.1057-1G>T). Further, one silent mutation (Gly794Gly) was detected. No protein analysis was performed. Conclusion: Of the 8 identified mutations, 5 were novel and have not been reported before. Only one causes substitution of glycine located within the Gly-X-Y triplets in the triple helical domain. Two mutations are located in major ligand binding regions (MLBR) which are important for bone strength and flexibility. Although the genotype-phenotype correlation is still unclear, our findings should contribute to elucidating this relationship in patients diagnosed with OI.
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