The politicization of climate change : problem or solution?The politicization of climate change : problem or solution?
Faculty of Social Sciences. Communication Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences. Sociology
Media, policy and culture
WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS: CLIMATE CHANGE (ELECTRONIC)
7(2016):4, p. 478-485
University of Antwerp
In the academic literature, two perspectives can be distinguished regarding the climate debate. The dominant consensus-building perspective problematizes the politicization of climate change as an important barrier to climate action and resultantly sets out to develop depoliticizing communication strategies which foster social consensus and public engagement. In contrast to this, the critical debate perspective problematizes climate change's capture in a depoliticized consensus and calls for its repoliticization to revive democratic debate and citizenship. The aim of this article is twofold. First, we will distinguish both perspectives on the basis of their diverging problem diagnoses and recommendations. Second, we will argue how only the critical debate perspective provides the tools for transformative socioecological change based on both democratic debate and democratic citizenship. We conclude by discussing how this divergence is reflective of a larger split in the social sciences between problem-solving and critical theory and how social scientists could contribute to democratic debate and citizenship.