Publication
Title
Efficacy screening of **Gloriosa Superba** extracts in a murine pancreatic cancer model using PET/CT for monitoring treatment response
Author
Abstract
Purpose: In vivo efficacy of two herbal extracts of Gloriosa superba L. (Colchicaceae) was investigated in a murine pancreatic tumor model by tumor volume measurements and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging using 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-d-glucose (F-18-FDG). Materials and Methods: A crude extract of G. superba (GS) seeds rich in colchicine and a colchicine-poor extract (GS2B) containing mostly colchicoside as a putative prodrug were prepared. PANC02-bearing C57BL/6 mice were treated with either placebo, gemcitabine, or one of the extracts (three different doses) for 10 days. Tumor volume measurements were performed daily during treatment and additionally F-18-FDG Positron emission tomography/computed tomography was acquired at baseline and after 7 days of treatment. Ki-67 and cleaved caspase-3 immunostaining was performed on the resected tumors. Results: After 7 days of treatment, a dose-dependent tumor growth inhibition of both extracts was observed with the highest in vivo response at the highest dose of GS and GS2B and gemcitabine. A positive significant correlation was found between Ki-67 scores and relative tumor volumes (RTV), and a negative significant correlation between caspase-3 staining scores and RTV. A decrease in F-18-FDG uptake was clearly observed in all treatment groups. Conclusions: The therapeutic efficacy of the two different herbal extracts was demonstrated in an in vivo pancreatic tumor model. F-18-FDG PET was able to detect an early response as overall lower F-18-FDG uptake was measured in the treated groups.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Cancer biotherapy and radiopharmaceuticals. - New York
Publication
New York : 2016
ISSN
1084-9785
Volume/pages
31:3(2016), p. 99-109
ISI
000374762300005
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
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Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
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Creation 06.06.2016
Last edited 10.07.2017
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