Understanding well-being and learning of Nigerian nurses : a job demand control support model approach
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Journal of nursing management. - Oxford
, p. 915-922
University of Antwerp
Aim This study investigated whether Nigerian nurses emotional exhaustion and active learning were predicted by job demands, control and social support. Background Limited research has been conducted concerning nurses work stress in developing countries, such as Nigeria. Accordingly, it is not clear whether work interventions for improving nurses well-being in these countries can be based on work stress models that are developed in Western countries, such as the job demand control support model, as well as on empirical findings of job demand control support research. Method Nurses from Nurses Across the Borders Nigeria were invited to complete an online questionnaire containing validated scales; 210 questionnaires were fully completed and analysed. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses. Results Emotional exhaustion was higher for nurses who experienced high demands and low supervisor support. Active learning occurred when nurses worked under conditions of high control and high supervisor support. Conclusion The findings suggest that the job demand control support model is applicable in a Nigerian nursing situation; the model indicates which occupational stressors contribute to poor well-being in Nigerian nurses and which work characteristics may boost nurses active learning. Implications for nursing management Job (re)design interventions can enhance nurses well-being and learning by guarding nurses job demands, and stimulating job control and supervisor support.