Evaluation of the emulsifying properties of some cationic starches
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
New York, N.Y.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy. - New York, N.Y.
, p. 367-371
Different cationic potato, maize, and waxy maize starches were evaluated for their emulsifying properties. Emulsions were prepared using 20% (w/w) arachidic oil and 80% (w/w) water. Emulsions with the cationic starches as emulsifier in a concentration ranging from 1% to 5% (w/w) were prepared and characterized by droplet size and viscosity measurements, and the stability was evaluated visually and by electrical conductance measurements. None of the cationic potato, waxy maize starches, and maize starches with a low degree of substitution (DS) showed adequate emulsifying properties. Emulsions prepared using non-pregelatinized (C ☆ bond 05914, 2% and 5% w/w; C ☆ bond 05907, 5% w/w) and pregelatinized (C ☆ bond 12504, 5% w/w) cationic maize starches with high-DS were visually stable. The initial mean droplet volume diameter of the emulsions prepared with these cationic starches in a 5% (w/w) concentration was similar and ranged from 2.40 to 2.84 μm however, there was an important difference in droplet size distribution. The droplet size distribution of the emulsions prepared using the non-pregelatinized high-DS cationic starches was markedly narrower than in the case of the emulsions prepared using the pregelatinized high-DS cationic starches. The droplet size of the emulsions remained almost constant during 120 days of storage. Visual inspection and electrical conductance measurements showed that these emulsions were stable for at least 120 days.