Cycloidal versus skyrmionic states in mesoscopic chiral magnetsCycloidal versus skyrmionic states in mesoscopic chiral magnets
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Condensed Matter Theory
2016Lancaster, Pa, 2016
Physical review : B : condensed matter and materials physics. - Lancaster, Pa, 1998 - 2015
93(2016):21, p. 1-8
University of Antwerp
When subjected to the interfacially induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, the ground state in thin ferromagnetic films with high perpendicular anisotropy is cycloidal. The period of this cycloidal state depends on the strength of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. In this work, we have studied the effect of confinement on the magnetic ground state and excited states, and we determined the phase diagram of thin strips and thin square platelets by means of micromagnetic calculations. We show that multiple cycloidal states with different periods can be stable in laterally confined films, where the period of the cycloids does not depend solely on the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction strength but also on the dimensions of the film. The more complex states comprising skyrmions are also found to be stable, though with higher energy.