Title
Three naive Bayes approaches for discrimination-free classification
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Mathematics and Computer Science
Publication type
article
Publication
Boston, Mass. ,
Subject
Computer. Automation
Source (journal)
Data mining and knowledge discovery. - Boston, Mass.
Volume/pages
21(2010) :2 , p. 277-292
ISSN
1384-5810
ISI
000280564900005
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
In this paper, we investigate how to modify the naive Bayes classifier in order to perform classification that is restricted to be independent with respect to a given sensitive attribute. Such independency restrictions occur naturally when the decision process leading to the labels in the data-set was biased; e.g., due to gender or racial discrimination. This setting is motivated by many cases in which there exist laws that disallow a decision that is partly based on discrimination. Naive application of machine learning techniques would result in huge fines for companies. We present three approaches for making the naive Bayes classifier discrimination-free: (i) modifying the probability of the decision being positive, (ii) training one model for every sensitive attribute value and balancing them, and (iii) adding a latent variable to the Bayesian model that represents the unbiased label and optimizing the model parameters for likelihood using expectation maximization. We present experiments for the three approaches on both artificial and real-life data.
E-info
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https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/bec590/133991.pdf