Title
Can p-channel tunnel field-effect transistors perform as good as n-channel?
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Publication type
article
Publication
New York, N.Y. :American Institute of Physics ,
Subject
Physics
Source (journal)
Applied physics letters / American Institute of Physics. - New York, N.Y., 1962, currens
Volume/pages
105(2014) :4 , 4 p.
ISSN
0003-6951
1077-3118
0003-6951
Article Reference
043103
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
We show that bulk semiconductor materials do not allow perfectly complementary p- and n-channel tunnel field-effect transistors (TFETs), due to the presence of a heavy-hole band. When tunneling in p-TFETs is oriented towards the gate-dielectric, field-induced quantum confinement results in a highest-energy subband which is heavy-hole like. In direct-bandgap IIIV materials, the most promising TFET materials, phonon-assisted tunneling to this subband degrades the subthreshold swing and leads to at least 10x smaller on-current than the desired ballistic on-current. This is demonstrated with quantum-mechanical predictions for p-TFETs with tunneling orthogonal to the gate, made out of InP, In0.53Ga0.47As, InAs, and a modified version of In0.53Ga0.47As with an artificially increased conduction-band density-of-states. We further show that even if the phonon-assisted current would be negligible, the build-up of a heavy-hole-based inversion layer prevents efficient ballistic tunneling, especially at low supply voltages. For p-TFET, a strongly confined n-i-p or n-p-i-p configuration is therefore recommended, as well as a tensily strained line-tunneling configuration. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/7ff7df/134433.pdf
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