Haut-Uele : justice and security mechanisms in times of conflict and isolationHaut-Uele : justice and security mechanisms in times of conflict and isolation
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Development processes, actors and policies
32(2016), p. 1-26
University of Antwerp
This paper discusses the justice and security mecha nisms in Haut-Uele district. It shows how the district has a long history of margin alization and degradation. In the context of degraded state institutions and geograph ical isolation, the resolution of conflicts remains limited to a local and isolated l evel through which a small number of actors particularly the customary chiefs - pla y an important role. Moreover, it is shown how different actors make deliberate efforts to concentrate decision-making processes at their own level. All this has strongly negative consequences for the beneficiaries. Secondly, it is shown how the presen ce of the LRA rebel group has further accelerated this process, since the conflic t has increased the isolation of certain areas whilst at the same time making confli ct resolution more multi-layered, as other actors such as the army and international organizations have become involved. The latter has had a positive impact for the beneficiaries.