Title
Used water and nutrients : recovery perspectives in a 'panta rhei' context Used water and nutrients : recovery perspectives in a 'panta rhei' context
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford :Elsevier sci ltd ,
Subject
Physics
Biology
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
Bioresource technology. - Barking
Volume/pages
215(2016) , p. 199-208
ISSN
0960-8524
ISI
000377935100022
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
There is an urgent need to secure global supplies in safe water and proteinaceous food in an eco-sustainable manner, as manifested from tensions in the nexus Nutrients-Energy-Water-Environment-Land. This paper is concept based and provides solutions based on resource recovery from municipal and industrial wastewater and from manure. A set of decisive factors is reviewed facilitating an attractive business case. Our key message is that a robust barrier must clear the recovered product from its original status. Besides refined inorganic fertilizers, a central role for five types of microbial protein is proposed. A resource cycling solution for the extremely confined environment of space habitation should serve as an incentive to assimilate a new user mindset. To achieve the ambitious goal of sustainable food security, the solutions suggested here need a broad implementation, hand in hand with minimizing losses along the entire fertilizer-feed-food-fork chain. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/f32920/134591.pdf
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