Title
Constitution de la famille et activité des mères : différences selon le niveau d'éducation en Europe
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Sociology
Publication type
article
Publication
Paris ,
Subject
Sociology
Source (journal)
Population / Institut national d'études démographiques [Paris] - Paris
Volume/pages
71(2016) :1 , p. 53-83
ISSN
0032-4663
ISI
000378368400005
Carrier
E
Target language
French (fre)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Despite the rise in maternal employment in Europe between 1970 and the 2000s, women's labour market positions continue to depend much more strongly on family formation than those of men. The available literature on educational gradients in maternal employment is largely based on cross-sectional comparisons. This study is among the first to decompose educational differences in maternal employment into differences prior to motherhood and differential effects of childbearing on employment. Drawing on longitudinal micro data (Generations and Gender Survey) for France, the Netherlands, and Hungary, participation in the labour force is studied using mixed effects logit models. In addition we distinguish part-time and full-time work. In line with the available literature, clear positive educational gradients in maternal employment are found, largely reflecting positive educational differentials already existing before family formation. This finding is related to the fact that highly educated women typically aim to establish a career before starting a family, but also have better labour market opportunities in general. Temporary drops in labour force participation are larger after a first birth among highly educated women. Part-time working of mothers is less strongly determined by employment before the first birth, and its frequency increases with educational level.
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Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/e517e0/134640.pdf
Handle