Application of a four-channel vibrometer system for detection of arterial stiffnessApplication of a four-channel vibrometer system for detection of arterial stiffness
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Biophysics and Biomedical Physics
2016Melville :Amer inst physics, 2016
Measurements by Laser and Noncontact Techniques: Advances and Applications
AIP conference proceedings / American Institute of Physics. - New York
12th International AIVELA Conference on Vibration Measurements by Laser, and Noncontact Techniques - Advances and Applications, JUN 29-JUL 01, 2016, Ancona, ITALY
1740(2016), 8 p.
University of Antwerp
Cardiovascular diseases (CD) are the most important cause of death in the world and their prevalence is only rising. A significant aspect in the etiology of CD is the stiffening of the large arteries (arteriosclerosis) and plaque formation (atherosclerosis) in the common carotid artery (CCA) in the neck. As shown by increasing evidence, both conditions can be detected by assessing pulse wave velocity (PWV) in the CCA, and several approaches allow local detection of PWV, including ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In previous studies, laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV) was introduced as an approach to assess arterial stiffness. In the present work, a new, compact four channel LDV system is used for PWV detection in four phantom arteries mimicking real life CCA conditions. The high sensitivity of the LDV system allowed PWV to be assessed, and even local changes in phantom architecture could be detected. This method has potential for cardiovascular screening, as it allows arteriosclerosis assessment and plaque detection.