Peritumoral D2-40 Chalkley score independently predicts metastases and survival in patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Journal of cutaneous pathology. - Copenhagen, 1974, currens
, p. 699-711
BACKGROUND: Many observational studies investigated the prognostic significance of angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in patients with melanoma. However, the obtained results are rather contradictory, probably due to the lack of the consensus methodology. METHODS: To investigate the prognostic significance of angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis-related parameters in patients with melanoma, we performed a retrospective investigation following the consensus recommendations for angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis quantification in solid tumors and reporting recommendations for tumor marker (REMARK) criteria for reporting the results. Blood and lymphatic vessel Chalkley scores, endothelial cell proliferation fractions and microvessel densities were quantified using a double immunostaining for endothelial marker CD34 or lymphendothelial marker D240 and the proliferation marker Ki-67 in 196 patients with melanoma. These parameters were evaluated separately for peritumoral (PT) and intratumoral areas and were correlated with outcome. RESULTS: In multivariate analysis PT D240 Chalkley score was identified as a strongest predictor for sentinel lymph node metastases, non-sentinel lymph node metastases, distant metastases, disease free survival and overall survival in patients with melanoma. CONCLUSIONS: If additional studies corroborate our findings, we believe that the inclusion of PT D240 Chalkley counts to the routine pathology examination of melanoma samples would provide additional information for identifying high-risk patients.