Publication
Title
Institutional engineering, management of ethnicity, and democratic failure in Burundi
Author
Abstract
This article argues that constitutional engineering along conso¬ciational lines in Burundi explicitly accommodating ethnicity rather than attempting to suppress it was instrumental in reducing the political role of ethnicity, but that other endogenous and exogenous factors also played a role. After surveying developments since 1988, this article fo-cuses on the 2005 polls. The outcome of the parliamentary elections suggests that the disappearance of the ethnic factor, extolled by many at the time, was achieved by constitutional constraints rather than by social or political dynamics. Nevertheless, with regard to the countrys most important and lethal historical problem, the ethnic divide, constitu-tional engineering has proved hugely effective. Burundis main cleavage is now between (and within) parties rather than ethnic groups, and when violence occurs it is political rather than ethnic. Burundis current crisis is therefore not a failure of consociationalism but of democracy.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Africa spectrum / Institut für Afrikakunde [Hamburg]; Institute of African Studies [Hamburg] - Hamburg, 1966, currens
Publication
Hamburg : 2016
ISSN
0002-0397 [print]
1868-6869 [online]
Volume/pages
51:2(2016), p. 65-78
ISI
000388304400004
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 04.10.2016
Last edited 09.07.2017
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