Publication
Title
Molecular chaperones in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis : the role of HSPB1
Author
Abstract
Genetic discoveries in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have a significant impact on deciphering molecular mechanisms of motor neuron degeneration but, despite recent advances, the etiology of most sporadic cases remains elusive. Several cellular mechanisms contribute to the motor neuron degeneration in ALS, including RNA metabolism, cellular interactions between neurons and nonneuronal cells, and seeding of misfolded protein with prion-like propagation. In this scenario, the importance of protein turnover and degradation in motor neuron homeostasis gained increased recognition. In this study, we evaluated the role of the candidate gene HSPB1, a molecular chaperone involved in several proteome-maintenance functions. In a cohort of 247 unrelated Italian ALS patients, we identified two variants (c.570G>C, p.Gln190His and c.610dupG, p.Ala204Glyfs*6). Functional characterization of the p.Ala204Glyfs*6 demonstrated that the mutant protein alters HSPB1 dynamic equilibrium, sequestering the wild-type protein in a stable dimer and resulting in a loss of chaperone-like activity. Our results underline the relevance of identifying rare but pathogenic variations in sporadic neurodegenerative diseases, suggesting a possible correlation between specific pathomechanisms linked to HSPB1 mutations and the associated neurological phenotype. Our study provides additional lines of evidence to support the involvement of HSPB1 in the pathogenesis of sporadic ALS.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Human mutation. - New York, N.Y.
Publication
New York, N.Y. : 2016
ISSN
1059-7794
Volume/pages
(2016), p. 1-7
ISI
000385804100010
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 07.10.2016
Last edited 08.08.2017
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