Publication
Title
A matrix-based modeling and analysis approach for fire-induced domino effects
Author
Abstract
Knock-on effects or so-called domino effects in the process industries may cause much greater losses than merely a primary event. Probability analysis of accidents resulting from domino effects is important for risk assessment. However, for the accident occurrence of a unit there may be mutual influences between the units in the area influenced by the accidents due to a domino effect, and this makes the calculation of probabilities of the accidents rather difficult. A matrix-based approach is proposed to model the influences between units influenced by a fire-induced domino effects, and the analysis approach for accident propagation as well as a simulation-based algorithm for probability calculation of accidents is provided. The synergistic effect of thermal radiation is taken into account during the accident propagation. The proposed approach is flexible to model and analyze domino effects in various conditions of primary fires by only changing the value of the initial matrix indicating the fire states. Two examples illustrate analyzing the fire propagation among tanks storing flammable liquids. The results show that this approach is simple but effective for offering an insight in the accident propagation process and for knowing the probabilities of equipment getting on fire.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Process safety and environmental protection / Institution of Chemical Engineers [London] - Rugby
Publication
Rugby : 2018
ISSN
0957-5820
Volume/pages
116 :B (2018) , p. 347-353
ISI
000435056700032
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 26.03.2018
Last edited 13.09.2021
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