Publication
Title
Oral and written picture description in individuals with aphasia
Author
Abstract
BackgroundAphasia is characterized by difficulties in connected speech/writing. AimsTo explore the differences between the oral and written description of a picture in individuals with chronic aphasia (IWA) and healthy controls. Descriptions were controlled for productivity, efficiency, grammatical organization, substitution behaviour and discourse organization. Methods & ProceduresFifty IWA and 50 healthy controls matched for age, gender and education provided an oral and written description of a black-and-white situational drawing from the Dutch version of the Comprehensive Aphasia Test. Between- and within-group analyses were carried out and the reliability of the test instrument was assessed. Outcomes & ResultsThe language samples of the healthy controls were more elaborate, more efficient, syntactically richer, more coherent, and consisted of fewer spoken and written language errors than the samples of the IWA. Within-group comparisons showed that connected writing is more sensitive than connected speech to capture aphasic symptoms. Conclusions & ImplicationsThe analysis of both modalities (speech and writing) at the discourse level allows one to assess simultaneously micro- and macro-linguistic skills and their potential interrelations in a given IWA. Connected writing appears to be more sensitive in discriminating IWA from healthy controls than connected speech. This method for analyzing language samples should, however, be used in conjunction with other assessment tools.
Language
English
Source (journal)
International journal of language and communication disorders. - London
Publication
London : 2018
ISSN
1368-2822
Volume/pages
53 :2 (2018) , p. 294-307
ISI
000426623700008
Pubmed ID
29119700
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 29.03.2018
Last edited 19.10.2021
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