Publication
Title
The optimal anti-coagulation for enhanced-risk patients post-catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (OCEAN) trial
Author
Abstract
Background The optimal long-term antithrombotic regimen for patients after successful catheter-based atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is not well defined. Presently, practice variation exists, and the benefits of oral anticoagulation over antiplatelet therapy across the entire spectrum of stroke risk profile remain undefined in the postablation population. To date, there are no randomized trials to inform clinicians on this therapeutic question. Objective The objective was to assess whether rivaroxaban is superior to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in reducing the risk of clinically overt stroke, systemic embolism, or covert stroke among patients without apparent recurrent atrial arrhythmias for at least 1 year after their most recent AF ablation procedure. Methods/design A prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized trial with blinded assessment of outcomes is under way (NCT02168829). Atrial fibrillation patients with at least 1 stroke risk factor (as defined by the CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc score) and without known atrial arrhythmia recurrences for at least 12 months after ablation are randomized to rivaroxaban 15 mg or ASA 75-160 mg daily. The primary outcome is a composite of clinically overt stroke, systemic embolism, and covert stroke based on brain magnetic resonance imaging. Key secondary outcomes include major bleeding outcomes, intracranial hemorrhage, transient ischemic attack, neuropsychological testing, quality of life, and an economic analysis. Subjects will be followed for 3 years. The estimated overall sample size is 1,572 subjects (786 per arm). Discussion The OCEAN trial is a multicenter randomized controlled trial evaluating 2 antithrombotic treatment strategies for patients with risk factors for stroke after apparently successful AF ablation. We hypothesize that rivaroxaban will reduce the occurrence of clinically overt stroke, systemic embolism, and covert stroke when compared with ASA alone.
Language
English
Source (journal)
American heart journal. - St. Louis, Mo.
Publication
St. Louis, Mo. : 2018
ISSN
0002-8703
Volume/pages
197(2018), p. 124-132
ISI
000425723700015
Pubmed ID
29447772
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 29.03.2018
Last edited 13.09.2021
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