Publication
Title
Stress reactivity and pain-mediated stress regulation in remitted patients with borderline personality disorder
Author
Abstract
Objective: Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) use nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) to cope with states of elevated inner tension. It is unclear to what extent remitted BPD patients experience these states and whether the experience of pain still regulates emotion. The purpose of this study was the investigation of baseline stress levels, stress reactivity, and pain-mediated stress regulation in remitted BPD patients. Method: Subjective and objective stress parameters were assessed in 30 remitted BPD patients, 30 current BPD patients, and 30 healthy controls. After stress induction, a non-nociceptive tactile stimulus, a tissue-injuring, or a noninvasive pain stimulus was applied to the right volar forearm. Results: Baseline stress levels of remitted BPD patients lie in between the stress levels of current BPD patients and healthy controls. Urge for NSSI increased significantly more in current than remitted BPD patients. The experience of pain led to a greater decrease of arousal in current compared to remitted BPD patients and healthy controls. Conclusions: States of increased tension still seem to appear in remitted BPD patients. The role of pain-mediated stress regulation appears to be reduced in remitted patients.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Brain and behavior. - Hoboken, NJ, 2011, currens
Publication
Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons , 2018
ISSN
2162-3279
Volume/pages
8 :2 (2018) , 11 p.
Article Reference
e00909
ISI
000425508600016
Pubmed ID
29484266
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 29.03.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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