Publication
Title
Tackling uncertainty in security assessment of critical infrastructures : Dempster-Shafer Theory vs. Credal Sets Theory
Author
Abstract
Securing critical infrastructures is a complex task. Required information is usually scarce or inexistent, and experts judgments may be inaccurate and biased. In this paper, two methodologies dealing with data scarcity, imprecision, and uncertainty are presented: Evidential network and Credal network. Evidential network is a graphical technique based on Dempster-Shafer Theory to explicitly model the propagation of epistemic uncertainty among variables while Credal network is an extension of Bayesian network to deal with sets of probabilities, known as Credal sets, based on experts judgments. Both methodologies constitute robust frameworks to account for high degree of imprecision on data, producing informative results despite the low-informative input. In the present study, the power in expressing uncertainty of these two methodologies have been showed, and their differences have been described through their application to a case study of security vulnerability assessment. Results demonstrate the substantial equivalence of the two methodologies in prognostic analysis, thus, an approximate updating procedure of Evidential network through equivalent Credal network has been proposed, to overcome the lack of possibility to compute updating in the context of Dempster-Shafer Theory.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Safety science. - Amsterdam, 1991, currens
Publication
Amsterdam : 2018
ISSN
0925-7535
Volume/pages
107 (20185) , p. 62-76
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
External links
Record
Identification
Creation 02.05.2018
Last edited 04.05.2021