Publication
Title
Depressive symptoms in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: Does treatment expectations play a role?
Author
Abstract
Objective: Patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and co-morbid depression are at greater risk of poor quality of life and premature death. We examined if treatment expectations predict depressive symptoms 12 months post implant. Methods: First-time implant patients from the WEBCARE study (n = 177; 83.1% men) completed the EXPECTations towards ICD therapy questionnaire and the Type D Scale at baseline, and the Patient Health Questionnaire at baseline and 12 months. Results: Using hierarchical linear regression with 3 models, we identified the following independent predictors of 12-months depressive symptoms: Model 1: Negative treatment expectations (beta = 0.202; p = 0.020) and baseline depression (beta = 0.376; p < 0.0001). Model 2: Baseline depression (beta = 0.350; p < 0.0001) and Type D personality (beta = 0.162; p = 0.042); negative treatment expectations was borderline significant (beta = 0.169; p = 0.051). Model 3: Baseline depression (beta = 0.353; p < 0.0001) and negative treatment expectations (beta = 0.180; p = 0.043); Type D personality was not significant (beta = 0.150; p = 0.067), adjusting for positive treatment expectations, heart failure, sex, and shocks during follow-up. The models accounted for 22.2%, 24.1%, and 23.3% of the variance in 12-months depressive symptoms, respectively. Conclusion: Further research is warranted to explore the role of treatment expectations at the time of implant and its overlap with personality as a determinant of depression in patients with an ICD.
Language
English
Source (journal)
General hospital psychiatry. - New York
Publication
New York : 2018
ISSN
0163-8343
Volume/pages
51(2018), p. 10-14
ISI
000428710400003
Pubmed ID
29268165
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 04.05.2018
Last edited 06.09.2021
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