Publication
Title
The role of functional respiratory imaging in treatment selection of children with obstructive sleep apnea and down syndrome
Author
Abstract
Study Objectives: The complexity of the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with Down syndrome (DS) is illustrated by a prevalence of residual OSA after adenotonsillectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether upper airway imaging combined with computation fluid dynamics could characterize treatment outcome after adenotonsillectomy in these children. Methods: Children with DS and OSA were prospectively included. All children underwent an evaluation of the upper airway and an ultra-low dose computed tomography scan of the upper airway before adenotonsillectomy. The upper airway tract was extracted from the scan and combined with computational fluid dynamics. Results were evaluated using control polysomnography after adenotonsillectomy. Results: Thirty-three children were included: 18 boys, age 4.3 +/- 2.3 years, median body mass index z-score 0.6 (-2.9 to 3.0), and median obstructive apnea-hypopnea index was 15.7 (3-70) events/h. The minimal upper airway cross-sectional area was significantly smaller in children with more severe OSA (P = .03). Nineteen children underwent a second polysomnography after adenotonsillectomy. Seventy-nine percent had persistent OSA (obstructive apneahypopnea index > 2 events/h). A greater than 50% decrease in obstructive apnea-hypopnea index was observed in 79% and these children had a significantly higher volume of the regions below the tonsils. Conclusions: This is the first study to characterize treatment outcome in children with DS and OSA using computed tomography upper airway imaging. At baseline, children with more severe OSA had a smaller upper airway. Children with a less favorable response to adenotonsillectomy had a smaller volume of regions below the tonsils, which could be due to enlargement of the lingual tonsils, glossoptosis, or macroglossia.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of clinical sleep medicine
Publication
2018
ISSN
1550-9389
Volume/pages
14 :4 (2018) , p. 651-659
ISI
000430056100020
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 04.05.2018
Last edited 19.10.2021
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