Publication
Title
Tongue-strengthening exercises in healthy older adults : specificity of bulb position and detraining effects
Author
Abstract
Clinical tongue-strengthening therapy programs are generally based on the principles of exercise and motor learning, including the specificity paradigm. The aim of this study was to investigate the specific effect of anterior and posterior tongue-strengthening exercises (TSE) on tongue strength (TS) in healthy older adults and to measure possible detraining effects. Sixteen healthy elderly completed 8 weeks of TSE by means of the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI). They were distributed in two different treatment arms and performed either exclusively anterior or posterior TSE (ATSE, n = 9 or PTSE, n = 7) depending on the treatment arm. Anterior and posterior maximal isometric pressures (MIPA, MIPP) were measured at baseline, halfway, and after completion of the training sessions. Detraining was measured by repeating MIPA and MIPP measures 4 weeks after the last session of TSE. MIPA and MIPP increased significantly in both treatment arms. MIPA was significantly higher in the ATSE group compared to the PTSE group across all measures in time. No significant differences were observed in MIPP between the ATSE and PTSE groups. Regardless of treatment arm, there was no significant detraining effect measured 4 weeks after the last TSE session. This study suggests that TSE show partial specificity concerning bulb position. We conclude that especially anterior training results in higher anterior TS in comparison with posterior exercises. Furthermore, we found no detraining effects, independent of bulb location.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Dysphagia. - New York, N.Y.
Publication
New York, N.Y. : 2018
ISSN
0179-051X
Volume/pages
33 :3 (2018) , p. 337-344
ISI
000432604900007
Pubmed ID
29052051
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 12.06.2018
Last edited 17.09.2021
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