Publication
Title
Fish scale-derived scaffolds for culturing human corneal endothelial cells
Author
Abstract
Purpose. To investigate the biocompatibility of fish scale-derived scaffolds (FSS) with primary human corneal endothelial cells (HCEnCs). Methods. HCEnCs were isolated from 30 donor corneas in a donor-matched study and plated in precoated Lab-Tek slides (n = 15) and FSS (n = 15). Cell morphology, proliferation/migration, and glucose uptake were studied (n = 30). Hoechst, ethidium homodimer, and calcein AM (NEC) staining was performed to determine viability and toxicity (n = 6). The cell surface area was calculated based on calcein AM staining. HCEnCs were stained for ZO-1 (n = 6) to detect tight junctions and to measure cell morphology; Ki-67 (n = 6) to measure proliferating cells; and vinculin to quantify focal adhesions (n = 6). The formation of de novo extracellular matrix was analyzed using histology (n = 6). Results. HCEnCs attach and grow faster on Lab-Tek slides compared to the undulating topography of the FSS. At day 11, HCEnCs on Lab-Tek slide grew 100% confluent, while FSS was only 65% confluent (p = 0.0883), with no significant difference in glucose uptake between the two (p = 0.5181) (2.2 mu g/mL in Lab-Tek versus 2.05 mu g/mL in FSS). HEC staining showed no toxicity. The surface area of the cells in Lab-Tek was 409.1 mu m(2) compared to 452.2 mu m(2) on FSS, which was not significant (p = 0.5325). ZO-1 showed the presence of tight junctions in both conditions; however, hexagonality was higher (74% in Lab-Tek versus 45% in FSS; p = 0.0006) with significantly less polymorphic cells on Lab-Tek slides (8% in Lab-Tek versus 16% in FSS; p = 0.0041). Proliferative cells were detected in both conditions (4.6% in Lab-Tek versus 4.2% in FSS; p = 0.5922). Vinculin expression was marginally higher in HCEnCs cultured on Lab-Tek (234 versus 199 focal adhesions; p = 0.0507). Histological analysis did not show the formation of a basement membrane. Conclusions. HCEnCs cultured on precoated FSS form a monolayer, displaying correct morphology, cytocompatibility, and absence of toxicity. FSS needs further modification in terms of structure and surface chemistry before considering it as a potential carrier for cultured HCEnCs.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Stem Cells International
Publication
2018
ISSN
1687-966X
1687-9678
Volume/pages
(2018) , 11 p.
Article Reference
8146834
ISI
000432116100001
Pubmed ID
29853917
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 12.06.2018
Last edited 15.10.2021
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