Publication
Title
Recent past (19792014) and future (20702099) isoprene fluxes over Europe simulated with the MEGANMOHYCAN model
Author
Abstract
Isoprene is a highly reactive volatile organic compound emitted by vegetation, known to be a precursor of secondary organic aerosols and to enhance tropospheric ozone formation under polluted conditions. Isoprene emissions respond strongly to changes in meteorological parameters such as temperature and solar radiation. In addition, the increasing CO2 concentration has a dual effect, as it causes both a direct emission inhibition as well as an increase in biomass through fertilization. In this study we used the MEGAN (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature) emission model coupled with the MOHYCAN (Model of HYdrocarbon emissions by the CANopy) canopy model to calculate the isoprene fluxes emitted by vegetation in the recent past (19792014) and in the future (20702099) over Europe at a resolution of 0:10:1. As a result of the changing climate, modeled isoprene fluxes increased by 1.1%yr􀀀1 on average in Europe over 19792014, with the strongest trends found over eastern Europe and European Russia, whereas accounting for the CO2 inhibition effect led to reduced emission trends (0.76%yr􀀀1). Comparisons with field campaign measurements at seven European sites suggest that the MEGAN MOHYCAN model provides a reliable representation of the temporal variability of the isoprene fluxes over timescales between 1 h and several months. For the 19792014 period the model was driven by the ECMWF ERA-Interim reanalysis fields, whereas for the comparison of current with projected future emissions, we used meteorology simulated with the ALARO regional climate model. Depending on the representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios for greenhouse gas concentration trajectories driving the climate projections, isoprene emissions were found to increase by C7% (RCP2.6), C33% (RCP4.5), and C83% (RCP8.5), compared to the control simulation, and even stronger increases were found when considering the potential impact of CO2 fertilization: C15% (RCP2.6), C52% (RCP4.5), and C141% (RCP8.5). However, the inhibitory CO2 effect goes a long way towards canceling these increases. Based on two distinct parameterizations, representing strong or moderate inhibition, the projected emissions accounting for all effects were estimated to be 017% (strong inhibition) and 1165%
Language
English
Source (journal)
Biogeosciences
Biogeosciences
Publication
2018
ISSN
1726-4170
1726-4189
Volume/pages
15 :12 (2018) , p. 3673-3690
ISI
000435586600001
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 04.07.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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