Publication
Title
Predicting inflammatory bowel disease in children with abdominal pain and diarrhoea : calgranulin-C versus calprotectin stool tests
Author
Institution/Organisation
CACATU Consortium
Abstract
Objective Calgranulin-C (S100A12) is a new faecal marker of inflammation that is potentially more specific for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) than calprotectin, since it is only released by activated granulocytes. We compared calgranulin-C and calprotectin to see which of the two tests best predicted IBD in children with chronic abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Design Delayed-type cross-sectional diagnostic study. Setting and patients Previously undiagnosed patients aged 6-17years, who were seen in paediatric clinics in the Netherlands and Belgium, sent in a stool sample for analysis. Patients with a high likelihood of IBD underwent upper and lower endoscopy (ie, preferred reference test), while those with a low likelihood were followed for 6 months for latent IBD to become visible (ie, alternative reference test). We used Bayesian modelling to correct for differential verification bias. Main outcome measures Primary outcome was the specificity for IBD using predefined test thresholds (calgranulin-C: 0.75 mu g/g, calprotectin: 50 mu g/g). Secondary outcome was the test accuracy with thresholds based on receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. Results IBD was diagnosed in 93 of 337 patients. Calgranulin-C had significantly better specificity than calprotectin when predefined thresholds were used (97% (95% credible interval (Cl) 94% to 99%) vs 71% (95% Cl 63% to 79%), respectively). When ROC-based thresholds were used (calgranulin-C: 0.75 mu g/g, calprotectin: 400 mu g/g), both tests performed equally well (specificity: 97% (95% Cl 94% to 99%) vs 98% (95% Cl 95% to 100%)). Conclusions Both calgranulin-C and calprotectin have excellent test characteristics to predict IBD and justify endoscopy.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Archives of disease in childhood. - London, 1926, currens
Publication
London : British Medical Association , 2018
ISSN
0003-9888 [print]
1468-2044 [online]
Volume/pages
103 :6 (2018) , p. 565-571
ISI
000433229600008
Pubmed ID
29514815
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.07.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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