Publication
Title
Clinical consequences of chemotherapy dose reduction in obese patients with stage III colon cancer : a retrospective analysis from the PETACC 3 study
Author
Abstract
Background: Dose reduction in obese cancer patients has been replaced by fully weight-based dosing recommendations. No data, however, are available on the effects of dose reduction in obese stage III colon cancer patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: Survival outcomes and toxicity data of obese (body mass index [BMI] >= 30 kg/m(2)), stage III colon cancer patients treated within the phase III PETACC 3 trial comparing leucovorin, 5-FU (LV5FU2) with LV5FU2 plus irinotecan were analysed retrospectively according to chemotherapy dosing at first infusion (i.e. fully weight-based dosed - versus dose-reduced group). Multivariate analyses on relapse free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were conducted to adjust for baseline prognostic factors using Cox regression model. Results: 13.4% (280 of 2094 patients) had a BMI >= 30 kg/m(2), and 5.3% had both a BMI >= 30 kg/m(2) and a body surface area (BSA) >= 2 m(2). Dose reductions occurred in 16.1% of patients with a BMI >= 30 kg/m(2) and 32.4% with BMI >= 30 kg/m(2) and BSA >= 2 m(2), respectively. In patients with BMI >= 30 kg/m(2), multivariate analysis demonstrated a trend towards better RFS in the fully dosed compared to the dose-reduced group (Hazard ratio (HR): 0.69, 95% CI: 0.43-1.09; p = 0.11); however, there was no statistically significant difference in OS. In patients with BMI > 30 kg/m(2) and BSA > 2 m(2), multivariate analysis demonstrated better RFS in fully dosed compared with dose-reduced patients (HR: 0.48, 95% CI: 0.27-0.85; p = 0.01) and a strong trend towards better OS (HR: 0.53, 95% CI: 0.28-1.01; p = 0.052). This group comprised predominantly of men. Conclusions: Data support the recommendation of using fully dosed chemotherapy for the adjuvant treatment in obese patients with colon cancer. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
European journal of cancer. - Oxford, 1990, currens
Publication
Oxford : 2018
ISSN
0959-8049 [print]
1879-0852 [online]
Volume/pages
99 (2018) , p. 49-57
ISI
000437355200006
Pubmed ID
29906734
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 02.08.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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