Publication
Title
Constraints on the chiral magnetic effect using charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in pPb and PbPb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider
Author
Institution/Organisation
CMS Collaboration
Abstract
Charge-dependent azimuthal correlations of same-and opposite-sign pairs with respect to the second-and third-order event planes have been measured in pPb collisions at root s(NN) = 8.16 TeV and PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is motivated by the search for the charge separation phenomenon predicted by the chiral magnetic effect (CME) in heavy ion collisions. Three-and two-particle azimuthal correlators are extracted as functions of the pseudorapidity difference, the transverse momentum (p(T)) difference, and the p(T) average of same-and opposite-charge pairs in various event multiplicity ranges. The data suggest that the charge-dependent three-particle correlators with respect to the second-and third-order event planes share a common origin, predominantly arising from charge-dependent two-particle azimuthal correlations coupled with an anisotropic flow. The CME is expected to lead to a v(2)-independent three-particle correlation when the magnetic field is fixed. Using an event shape engineering technique, upper limits on the v(2)-independent fraction of the three-particle correlator are estimated to be 13% for pPb and 7% for PbPb collisions at 95% confidence level. The results of this analysis, both the dominance of two-particle correlations as a source of the three-particle results and the similarities seen between PbPb and pPb, provide stringent constraints on the origin of charge-dependent three-particle azimuthal correlations and challenge their interpretation as arising from a chiral magnetic effect in heavy ion collisions.
Language
English
Source (journal)
PHYSICAL REVIEW C
Publication
2018
Volume/pages
97 :4 (2018) , 34 p.
Article Reference
044912
ISI
000430545800005
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 02.08.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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