Publication
Title
Accumulation of uraemic toxins is reflected only partially by estimated GFR in paediatric patients with chronic kidney disease
Author
Abstract
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in childhood is characterised by the accumulation of uraemic toxins resulting in a multisystem disorder that has a negative impact on quality of life. Childhood CKD is predominantly defined by a decrease in glomerular filtration rate, estimated (eGFR) by a single serum measurement of endogenous biomarkers, e.g. creatinine. The objective of this study was to evaluate how accurately eGFR predicts the concentration of uraemic toxins in a paediatric CKD cohort. In 65 children (10.8 [5.1; 14.7] years) with CKD (eGFR 44 [20; 64] mL/min/1.73 m(2)), serum concentrations were determined of small solutes (uric acid [UA], urea, symmetric dimethylarginine [SDMA], asymmetric dimethylarginine [ADMA]), middle molecules (beta 2-microglobulin [beta 2M], complement factor D [CfD]) and protein-bound solutes (p-cresylglucuronide [pCG], hippuric acid, indole acetic acid, indoxyl sulphate [IxS], p-cresylsulfate [pCS] and 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-furanpropionic acid [CMPF]). Spearman's correlation coefficients (r) were calculated to correlate uraemic toxin concentrations with three different eGFR equations, based on either serum creatinine or beta 2M. Updated Schwartz eGFR was correlated reasonably well with concentrations of creatinine (r = -0.98), urea (r(s) = -0.84), SDMA (r = -0.82) and middle molecules CfD and beta 2M (both r(s) = -0.90). In contrast, poor correlation coefficients were found for CMPF (r(s) = -0.32), UA (r(s) = -0.45), ADMA (r(s) = -0.47) and pCG (r(s) = -0.48). The other toxins, all protein-bound, had r(s) between -0.75 and -0.57. Comparable correlations were found between the three evaluated eGFR equations and uraemic toxin concentrations. This study demonstrates that eGFR poorly predicts concentrations of protein-bound uraemic toxins, UA and ADMA in childhood CKD. Therefore, eGFR only partially reflects the complexity of the accumulation pattern of uraemic toxins in childhood CKD.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Pediatric nephrology. - Berlin
Publication
Berlin : 2018
ISSN
0931-041X
Volume/pages
33 :2 (2018) , p. 315-323
ISI
000422685400016
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 02.08.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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