Publication
Title
The cost of arbovirus disease prevention in Europe : area-wide integrated control of tiger mosquito, aedes albopictus, in Emilia-Romagna, Northern Italy
Author
Abstract
Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquito) has become the most invasive mosquito species worldwide, in addition to being a well-known vector of diseases, with a proven capacity for the transmission of chikungunya and dengue viruses in Europe as well as the Zika virus in Africa and in laboratory settings. This research quantifies the cost that needs to be provided by public-health systems for area-wide prevention of arboviruses in Europe. This cost has been calculated by evaluating the expenditure of the plan for Aedes albopictus control set up in the Emilia-Romagna region (Northern Italy) after a chikungunya outbreak occurred in 2007. This plan involves more than 280 municipalities with a total of 4.2 million inhabitants. Public expenditure for plan implementation in 2008-2011 was examined through simple descriptive statistics. Annual expenditure was calculated to be approximately is an element of 1.3 per inhabitant, with a declining trend (from a total of is an element of 7.6 million to is an element of 5.3 million) and a significant variability at the municipality level. The preventative measures in the plan included antilarval treatments (about 75% of total expenditure), education for citizens and in schools, entomological surveillance, and emergency actions for suspected viremias. Ecological factors and the relevance of tourism showed a correlation with the territorial variability in expenditure. The median cost of one antilarval treatment in public areas was approximately is an element of 0.12 per inhabitant. Organizational aspects were also analyzed to identify possible improvements in resource use.
Language
English
Source (journal)
International journal of environmental research and public health. - Basel, 2004, currens
Publication
Basel : MDPI , 2017
ISSN
1661-7827 [print]
1660-4601 [online]
Volume/pages
14 :4 (2017) , 22 p.
Article Reference
444
ISI
000404105100107
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 02.08.2018
Last edited 03.09.2021
To cite this reference