Publication
Title
CSF-1 and Ang-2 serum levels - prognostic and diagnostic partners in non-small cell lung cancer
Author
Abstract
Background Lung cancer is the most incident and lethal form of cancer, with late diagnosis as a major determinant of its bad prognosis. Immunotherapies targeting immune checkpoints improve survival, but positive results encompass only 30%-40% of the patients, possibly due to alternative pathways to immunosuppression, including tumour-associated macrophages (TAM). Colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) is implicated in TAM differentiation and recruitment to tumours and in tumour angiogenesis, through a special setting of Tie-2-expressing macrophages, which respond to angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2). We evaluated the role of serum levels of CSF-1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) prognosis and whether these could serve as biomarkers for NSCLC detection, along with Ang-2. Participants and methods We prospectively studied an unselected cohort of 145 patients with NSCLC and a group of 30 control individuals. Serum levels of Ang-2 and CSF-1 were measured by ELISA prior to treatment. Results Serum levels of CSF-1 and Ang-2 are positively correlated (p<0.000001). Individuals with high serum levels of CSF-1 have a 17-fold risk for NSCLC presence and patients with combined High Ang-2/CSF-1 serum levels present a 5-fold increased risk of having NSCLC. High Ang-2/CSF-1 phenotype is also associated with worst prognosis in NSCLC. Conclusions Combined expression of CSF-1 and Ang-2 seems to contribute to worst prognosis in NSCLC and it is worthy to understand the basis of this unexplored partnership. Moreover, we think CSF-1 could be included as a biomarker in NSCLC screening protocols that can improve the positive predictive value of the current screening modalities, increase overall cost effectiveness and potentially improve lung cancer survival.
Language
English
Source (journal)
ESMO Open / European Society for Medical Oncology.
Publication
BMJ Publishing Group , 2018
ISSN
2059-7029
Volume/pages
3 :5 (2018) , 6 p.
Article Reference
UNSP e000349
ISI
000440615600007
Pubmed ID
30094067
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 07.09.2018
Last edited 15.09.2021
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