Publication
Title
Life-cycle assessment of alternative pyrolysis-based transport fuels : implications of upgrading technology, scale, and hydrogen requirement
Author
Abstract
Bio-oil produced from fast pyrolysis of biomass is a promising substitute for crude oil that can meet climate change mitigation goals, but due to its high oxygen content, it requires upgrading to remove oxygen in order to be used as a transportation fuel. Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) is one means of upgrading fast pyrolysis oil; however, its main limitation is its large hydrogen requirement. We evaluate an alternative electrochemical deoxygenation (EDOx) method that uses catalytic electrode membranes on a ceramic, oxygen-permeable support to generate hydrogen in situ for deoxygenation at the cathode and oxygen removal at the anode. We analyze the life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and scale effects of gas-phase upgrading of pyrolysis oil [300 t/day (MTPD)] using different configurations of EDOx and compare it with the large-scale HDO process (2000 MTPD). We observe that the EDOx configurations have lower total GHG emissions of 58.4 and 7.411 g of CO2 equiv/MJ for vehicles operated with diesel and gasoline, respectively, compared to HDO (39 g of CO2 equiv/MJ). Furthermore, the EDOx processes offers potentially 10 times more small-scale pyrolysis upgrading facilities in the United States compared to HDO, suggesting that small-scale on-site EDOx processes can reach more inaccessible forest biomass resources.
Language
English
Source (journal)
ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. - -
ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. - -
Publication
2018
ISSN
2168-0485
Volume/pages
6 :8 (2018) , p. 10001-10010
ISI
000441475500054
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 11.09.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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