Publication
Title
Measuring synergy within a Triple Helix innovation system using game theory : cases of some developed and emerging countries
Author
Abstract
Synergy within a Triple Helix innovation system has been measured in relevant literature using mutual information and transmission power, all based on Shannons information theory. However, as a complex system, Triple Helix relationships may also be analysed with various techniques and tools from other disciplines among which game theory. Thus, the synergy may be measured with indicators like the core, the Shapley value and the nucleolus. The core measures the extent of the synergy, the Shapley value indicates an actors strength to lead to and create synergy and the nucleolus determines an actors strength to maintain synergy. The Triple Helix innovation systems of eight countries among which four developedUSA, UK, Germany and Franceand four emergingRussia, India, Brazil and Chinawere analysed based on their scientific output using game theory. It appears that the biggest Triple Helix science producer has more power to lead to and create synergy; government shows solidarity to maintain synergy within the innovation system. The level of synergy is higher in developing countries (led by France, 1.72%) than in emerging ones (led by Brazil, less than or equal to 1%), operating a division of selected countries according to their level of development. The study shows that state intervention in the economy influences the position of the core on a ternary diagram.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Triple helix : a journal of university-industry-government innovation and entrepreneurship. - Heidelberg, 2013, currens
Publication
Heidelberg : Springer , 2018
ISSN
2197-1927 [online]
2590-0366 [print]
Volume/pages
5 :6 (2018) , p. 1-22
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
VABB-SHW
Record
Identification
Creation 26.09.2018
Last edited 15.07.2021
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