Publication
Title
Understanding the illegal ivory trade and traders: evidence from Uganda
Author
Abstract
In the last decade, there has been a major growth in the illegal ivory trade. Although this trade has been analysed from a variety of angles, one perspective is missing in the literature, namely the individual ivory trader. Based on in-depth research among illegal ivory traders in Uganda-which is a major transit point of ivory-this article aims to fill this gap. In doing so, and by linking their activities with the literature on the informal economy and the criminalization of the state, the article shows how various structural circumstances-such as war, globalization and the presence of foreign buyers-had a profound impact on the ways in which the illegal ivory trade was conducted. Initially, these circumstances created an increased market, both in supply and demand, which led many traders to engage in this trade. However, an increased crackdown on the illegal ivory trade has made the conditions much more difficult. By analysing how ivory traders navigate these structural circumstances, the article shows a gradual criminalization of the trade. In other words, the more ivory became criminalized, the more criminal linkages were needed to remain active in the trade, and the more significant power differences became.
Language
English
Source (journal)
International affairs / Royal Institute of International Affairs [London] - London, 1944, currens
Publication
London : Royal Institute of International Affairs , 2018
ISSN
0020-5850 [print]
1468-2346 [online]
Volume/pages
94 :5 (2018) , p. 1077-1099
ISI
000444557400006
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 08.10.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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