Publication
Title
The athlete's heart is a proarrhythmic heart, and what that means for clinical decision making
Author
Abstract
Recurring questions when dealing with arrhythmias in athletes are about the cause of the arrhythmia and, more importantly, about the eligibility of the athlete to continue sports activities. In essence, the relation between sports and arrhythmias can be understood along three lines: sports as arrhythmia trigger on top of an underlying problem, sports as arrhythmic substrate promotor, or sports as substrate inducer. Often, there is no sharp divider line between these entities. The athlete's heart, a heart that adapts so magically to cope with the demands of exercise, harbours many structural and functional changes that by themselves predispose to arrhythmia development, at the atrial, nodal and ventricular levels. In essence, the athlete's heart is a proarrhythmic heart. This review describes the changes in the athlete's heart that are related to arrhythmic expression and focuses on what this concept means for clinical decision making. The concept of the athlete's heart as a proarrhythmic heart creates a framework for evaluation and counselling of athletes, yet also highlights the difficulty in predicting the magnitude of associated risk. The management uncertainties are discussed for specific conditions like extreme bradycardic remodelling, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter, and ventricular arrhythmias.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Europace. - Oxford
Publication
Oxford : Oxford univ press, 2018
ISSN
1099-5129
Volume/pages
20:9(2018), p. 1401-1411
ISI
000444551400007
Pubmed ID
29244075
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 08.10.2018
Last edited 19.08.2021
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