Publication
Title
Usefulness of maternal fetal red blood cell count in rhesus-positive pregnant women
Author
Abstract
Background: Fetal red blood cells (FRBC) in maternal blood are counted in rhesus-negative women to determine the amount of anti-D immunoglobulin to be administered in the case of a rhesus-positive fetus. In rhesus-positive pregnant women this is done in not always very well-defined indications including trauma, miscarriage, fetal death and diminished fetal movements. The aim of this study is to determine if the detection of FRBC is useful in rhesus-positive pregnant woman. This was done by assessing maternal and fetal characteristics that are more likely to give a positive test. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. Results: A total of 169 FRBC tests were performed in 161 rhesus-positive pregnant women. FRBC were found in 45 (26.6%) of the women. Three patients experienced a miscarriage although their FRBC tests were negative (p = 0.295). Of the seven patients who experienced unexpected stillbirths, three tested positive. The deaths were not less likely to occur if the results had been negative (p = 0.631). There was a statistically significant difference between the different types of trauma indications (p = 0.025): the test was more likely positive if there had been a fall on the ground or staircase or blunt trauma (p = 0.041, 0.026 and 0.018, respectively). FRBC were not more frequently present in the absence of fetal movements (n = 16, p = 0.693). Conclusion: FRBC in maternal blood were more likely positive in the case of a fall on the ground, or from a staircase. However, a positive test does not necessarily imply fetal pathology and, therefore, does not contribute to clinical management.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Hormone Molecular Biology & Clinical Investigation
Publication
2018
ISSN
1868-1883
Volume/pages
35 :3 (2018) , 7 p.
Article Reference
20180028
ISI
000444834400005
Pubmed ID
30059348
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 08.10.2018
Last edited 24.08.2021
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