Publication
Title
A multicenter study to assess EGFR mutational status in plasma : focus on an optimized workflow for liquid biopsy in a clinical setting
Author
Abstract
A multicenter study was performed to determine an optimal workflow for liquid biopsy in a clinical setting. In total, 549 plasma samples from 234 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients were collected. Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) circulating cell-free tumor DNA (ctDNA) mutational analysis was performed using digital droplet PCR (ddPCR). The influence of (pre-) analytical variables on ctDNA analysis was investigated. Sensitivity of ctDNA analysis was influenced by an interplay between increased plasma volume (p < 0.001) and short transit time (p = 0.018). Multistep, high-speed centrifugation both increased plasma generation (p < 0.001) and reduced genomic DNA (gDNA) contamination. Longer transit time increased the risk of hemolysis (p < 0.001) and low temperatures were shown to have a negative effect. Metastatic sites were found to be strongly associated with ctDNA detection (p < 0.001), as well as allele frequency (p = 0.034). Activating mutations were detected in a higher concentration and allele frequency compared to the T790M mutation (p = 0.003, and p = 0.002, respectively). Optimization of (pre-) analytical variables is key to successful ctDNA analysis. Sufficient plasma volumes without hemolysis or gDNA contamination can be achieved by using multistep, high-speed centrifugation, coupled with short transit time and temperature regulation. Metastatic site location influenced ctDNA detection. Finally, ctDNA levels might have further value in detecting resistance mechanisms.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Cancers
Cancers
Publication
2018
ISSN
2072-6694
Volume/pages
10 :9 (2018) , 14 p.
Article Reference
290
ISI
000448139800014
Pubmed ID
30150518
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 09.10.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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