Publication
Title
cIAP1 and TAK1 protect cells from TNF-induced necrosis by preventing RIP1/RIP3-dependent reactive oxygen species production
Author
Abstract
Three members of the IAP family (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP), cellular inhibitor of apoptosis proteins-1/-2 (cIAP1 and cIAP2)) are potent suppressors of apoptosis. Recent studies have shown that cIAP1 and cIAP2, unlike XIAP, are not direct caspase inhibitors, but block apoptosis by functioning as E3 ligases for effector caspases and receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1). cIAP-mediated polyubiquitination of RIP1 allows it to bind to the pro-survival kinase transforming growth factor-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) which prevents it from activating caspase-8-dependent death, a process reverted by the deubiquitinase CYLD. RIP1 is also a regulator of necrosis, a caspase-independent type of cell death. Here, we show that cells depleted of the IAPs by treatment with the IAP antagonist BV6 are greatly sensitized to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced necrosis, but not to necrotic death induced by anti-Fas, poly(I:C) oxidative stress. Specific targeting of the IAPs by RNAi revealed that repression of cIAP1 is responsible for the sensitization. Similarly, lowering TAK1 levels or inhibiting its kinase activity sensitized cells to TNF-induced necrosis, whereas repressing CYLD had the opposite effect. We show that this sensitization to death is accompanied by enhanced RIP1 kinase activity, increased recruitment of RIP1 to Fas-associated via death domain and RIP3 (which allows necrosome formation), and elevated RIP1 kinase-dependent accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In conclusion, our data indicate that cIAP1 and TAK1 protect cells from TNF-induced necrosis by preventing RIP1/RIP3-dependent ROS production. Cell Death and Differentiation (2011) 18, 656-665; doi:10.1038/cdd.2010.138; published online 5 November 2010
Language
English
Source (journal)
Cell death and differentiation. - Oxford
Publication
Oxford : 2011
ISSN
1350-9047
Volume/pages
18 :4 (2011) , p. 656-665
ISI
000288314800008
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 18.10.2018
Last edited 28.08.2021