Publication
Title
A new sporadic case of early-onset Loeys-Dietz syndrome due to the recurrent mutation p.R528C in the TGFBR2 gene substantiates interindividual clinical variability
Author
Abstract
We report on a 2-year-old Polish girl with typical manifestations of Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS), a rare genetic condition belonging to the group of Marfan-related disorders. The characteristic LDS symptoms observed in the girl included craniofacial dysmorphism (craniosynostosis, cleft palate, hypertelorism), arachnodactyly, camptodactyly, scoliosis,joint laxity, talipes equinovarus, translucent and hyperelastic skin, and umbilical hernia. Mild dilatation of the ascending aorta and tortuous course of the left internal carotid artery were recognized during her second year of life. Molecular genetic testing revealed a heterozygous missense mutation (c.1582C>T, p.R528C) in the transforming growth factor beta receptor II gene (TGFBR2). This mutation has been previously associated with LDS in 5 unrelated cases, and was never reported in patients with other Marfan-related disorders. Comparison of the phenotypes of our patient and these 5 individuals with c.1582C>T showed that only the hallmark triad of the syndrome - consisting of hypertelorism, aortic root dilatation/aneurysm, and cleft palate or bifid uvula-was present in all 6 cases. Interestingly, none of the 5 individuals who underwent psychological evaluation showed developmental delay. The pattern of all other LDS features showed interindividual variability. Our data support the recently reported observation that symptoms of LDS can develop at a very young age, making early diagnosis and management essential for these patients. This is the first report on a Polish infant with typical LDS symptoms caused by a TGFBR2 mutation.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of Applied Genetics
Publication
2009
ISSN
1234-1983
Volume/pages
50 :4 (2009) , p. 405-410
ISI
000272065300013
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 05.11.2018
Last edited 04.09.2021