Publication
Title
Environmental release and mass flux partitioning of PCDD/Fs during normal and transient operation of full scale waste to energy plants
Author
Abstract
The paper reports on global release and mass partitioning in the flux of residues of PCDD/Fs, evaluated with dedicated field campaigns at a municipal solid waste incineration plant during normal and transient operation. Results are compared with those obtained in other installations equipped with furnaces, energy recovery options and flue gas treatment technologies representative of most of the European incineration plants currently in operation. Levels of the pollutants of interest were determined in all the solid, liquid and gaseous residues produced by every single facility, and the results analysed in terms of the effects arising from the fed waste and the configuration of the plant. PCDD/Fs total release between 1.5 and 45 mu g I-TEQ per ton of burned waste was evaluated, with lower values resulting from the adoption of catalytic conversion process for flue gas treatment. Most of the mass flux emitted is associated with solid residues deriving from activated carbon PCCD/F dry removal options, with significant contributions also from fly ash produced by particulate removal devices located immediately downstream the boiler and from scrubber blowdowns treatment sludge. During transient operating conditions the dioxin total release may increase by 50% with comparison to steady-state functioning. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Chemosphere. - Oxford, 1972, currens
Source (book)
24th International Symposium on Halogenated Environmental Organic, Pollutants and POPs, SEP, 2004, Tech Univ Berlin, Tech Univ Berlin, Berlin, GERMANY
Publication
Oxford : Pergamon-elsevier science ltd, 2007
ISSN
0045-6535 [print]
1879-1298 [online]
Volume/pages
67:9(2007), p. S118-S124
ISI
000246055300042
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 05.11.2018
Last edited 04.07.2021