Publication
Title
Outbreak of tuberculosis and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, Mbuji-Mayi central prison, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Author
Abstract
After an alert regarding approximate to 31 tuberculosis (TB) cases, 3 of which were rifampin-resistant TB cases, in Mbuji-Mayi Central Prison, Democratic Republic of the Congo, we conducted an outbreak investigation in January 2015. We analyzed sputum of presumptive TB patients by using the Xpert MTB/RIF assay. We also assessed the Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates' drug-susceptibility patterns and risk factors for TB infection. Among a prison population of 918 inmates, 29 TB case-patients were already undergoing treatment. We found an additional 475 presumptive TB case-patients and confirmed TB in 170 of them. In March 2015, the prevalence rate of confirmed TB was 21.7% (199/918 inmates). We detected an additional 14 cases of rifampin-resistant TB and initiated treatment in all 14 of these case-patients. Overcrowded living conditions and poor nutrition appeared to be the driving factors behind the high TB incidence in this prison.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Emerging infectious diseases / National Center for Infectious Diseases. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. - Atlanta, Ga
Publication
Atlanta, Ga : 2018
ISSN
1080-6040
1080-6059
Volume/pages
24 :11 (2018) , p. 2029-2035
ISI
000447732600008
Pubmed ID
30334730
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 09.11.2018
Last edited 20.09.2021
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