Publication
Title
Influence of the vitreolenticular interface in pediatric cataract surgery
Author
Abstract
Purpose: To report the status of Berger space in pediatric cataract cases and the influence of anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis during primary posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC). Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium. Design: Prospective case series. Methods: The study comprised consecutive pediatric cataract cases planned for bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens (BIL IOL) implantation. A video-based analysis of the surgical interventions included the type of crystalline lens opacification, presence of a posterior capsule plaque (PCP), presence of anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis, complications during primary PCCC, integrity of the anterior hyaloid membrane, need for anterior vitrectomy, and feasibility of BIL IOL implantation. Results: Abnormalities in Berger space were observed in 35 of the 64 pediatric cataract cases. Anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis was most often found in cases with persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) and those with posterior cataract. Anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis was diagnosed significantly more often in eyes with unilateral cataract and those with PCP. In pediatric cataract cases presenting with PCP and anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis, the primary PCCC procedure was surgically more demanding, often resulting in detectable breaks in the anterior hyaloid membrane (58.6%) and sometimes necessitating an unplanned anterior vitrectomy (13.8%). Bag-in-the-lens IOL implantation was feasible in all except 1 eye with PFV, which was left aphakic. Conclusions: Primary vitreolenticular interface abnormalities are often encountered during pediatric cataract surgeries, especially when confronted with PCP in a unilateral cataract. The presence of anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis may complicate a primary PCCC procedure, resulting in an unplanned anterior vitrectomy in some cases. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of ASCRS and ESCRS
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. - Fairfax, Va
Publication
Fairfax, Va : 2018
ISSN
0886-3350
Volume/pages
44 :10 (2018) , p. 1203-1210
ISI
000446646200008
Pubmed ID
30172568
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 09.11.2018
Last edited 19.10.2021
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