Publication
Title
SPECT/CT in the postoperative painful knee
Author
Abstract
This review summarizes the role of SPECT/CT in patients with a painful postoperative knee and describes typical diagnostic criteria in these patients. Pain after knee surgery is common and is influenced by the underlying pathology, the type of surgery, and the patient. Knee joint-preserving surgery includes osteotomy, ligament reconstruction, meniscus surgery, and cartilage repair procedures, often used in combination. Knee arthroplasty procedures consist of unicondylar, patellofemoral, and primary or revision total knee prosthesis. In patients with pain after knee joint-preserving surgery, MRI remains the reference standard. After ligament reconstruction, CT can evaluate postoperative tunnel positioning, and bone SPECT/CT can contribute by assessing overloading or biodegradation problems. After meniscal or cartilage surgery, SPECT/CT can be particularly helpful to identify compartment overloading or nonhealing chondral or osteochondral lesions as cause of pain. SPECT/CT arthrography can assess cartilage damage at an early stage due to altered biomechanical forces. After corrective osteotomy of the knee, SPECT/CT can reveal complications such as overloading, nonunion, or patellofemoral problems. After arthroplasty, conventional radiographs lack both sensitivity to detect aseptic loosening and specificity in differentiating aseptic from infectious loosening. Secondly, hardware-induced artifacts still hamper CT and MRI, despite improving and increasingly available metal artifact reduction techniques. Bone scintigraphy is a proven useful adjunct to conventional radiography and MRI to reveal the pain generator and is less hampered by artifacts from metallic implants compared with CT and MRI. Nevertheless, the optimal imaging strategy in evaluating complications after knee arthroplasty is still a matter of debate. Although the evidence of the use of BS SPECT/CT is still limited, it is growing steadily. In particular, recent data on specific uptake patterns in tibial and femoral zones after total knee arthroplasty and the impact of integrating biomechanics into the assessment of SPECT/CT appear promising, but more research is needed. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Seminars in nuclear medicine. - New York, N.Y.
Publication
Philadelphia : W b saunders co-elsevier inc, 2018
ISSN
0001-2998
0001-2998
Volume/pages
48:5(2018), p. 439-453
ISI
000446288700006
Pubmed ID
30193650
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 09.11.2018
Last edited 16.07.2021
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